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ERIC Number: ED140642
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jul
Pages: 53
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Velar Nasal in Rapid Cuban Spanish.
Hammond, Robert M.
In standard American Spanish, the velar nasal surface variant of systematic /n/ occurs only in syllable-final environments, when the immediately following segment is a velar consonant. In many American Spanish dialects, however, "ng" may also optionally appear phonetically in other phonological environments. Cuban Spanish is such a dialect, in which "ng" may appear as a surface manifestation of /n/ in any phonological environment, with greatly varying degrees of percentages of occurrence. In this study, the surface manifestations of systematic /n/ were tabulated from five hours of tape-recorded free conversations of twenty-one native speakers of Cuban Spanish, in the following environments: (1) absolute-final; (2) word-final within a breath-group; (3) syllable-final within a word; (4) syllable-initial. Based on the frequencies of occurrence of these surface variants of /n/ in the four previously mentioned phonological environments, variable phonological rules are proposed for Cuban Spanish rapid speech. The occurrence of standard nasal assimilation versus the occurrence of the velar nasal across word-boundaries within a breath-group and across syllable-boundaries in Cuban Spanish is also discussed, and a revision of the rule of nasal assimilation found in Harris 1969 is proposed, since Harris' rule does not account for nasal assimilation before glides or nasals, as may occur in Cuban Spanish as well as in other American Spanish dialects. (Author/CFM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A