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ERIC Number: ED140497
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Impact of the Implementation Experience on an Educational Innovation.
Frey, William P.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the implementation experience on an educational innovation. The topic suggests that users impact innovations just as innovations impact the user. The study's paradigm for implementation has three components--program specifications, the procedures specified for the innovation; user practices, the ways the user performs the task prior to the introduction of the innovation; and operational characteristics, the actual manner in which the user operates the innovation. In this paradigm, implementation is conceived as a bilateral event: both the innovation and user are altered. Two types of mutual adaptations were identified in the elementary reading and mathematics programs examined--those that were mixtures of and those that were actually different from the related program specifications and user practices. Conditions affecting alterations to the programs were the non-dynamic features of the user's environment, the other programs that the user operates, emergent innovations, the incompleteness of the innovation, ramifications of other alternatives, and the evaluative judgments of the user. This study has clearly shown that the innovation was impacted during implementation. (Author/IRT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, N.Y., April 4-8, 1977)