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ERIC Number: ED140381
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Management by Objectives. ACSA School Management Digest, Series 1, No. 6. ERIC/CEM Research Analysis Series, Number 33.
This review of the literature briefly outlines the history of management by objectives (MBO), describing the Madison, Wisconsin, school district's application of this systems approach to school management, as well as alternatives to the Madison MBO plan developed by other districts across the country. Although there are many variations of MBO and although there is some disagreement among writers in this area, all variations have four things in common; (1) MBO places the emphasis on results rather than on resources or the ways in which resources are utilized; (2) responsibility for achieving these results is shared jointly by the superior and his subordinate; (3) the establishment of this responsibility and the achievement of the results are both obtained through rigorous attention to specificity; and (4) shared responsibility and attention to specificity permit evaluation on the basis of performance, according to preset standards. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Accountability, Administrator Evaluation, Administrators, Educational Administration, Elementary Secondary Education, Employer Employee Relationship, Literature Reviews, Management by Objectives, Management Systems, Objectives, Personnel Evaluation, Systems Approach
Association of California School Administrators, P.O. Box 39186, Rincon Annex, San Francisco, California 94139 ($1.75, members; $2.75, non-members)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association of California School Administrators.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.