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ERIC Number: ED140372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
A Process Approach to Public Speaking: The Use of Exercises and Games.
Berryman, Cynthia L.
The use of exercises and games in teaching the process of public speaking provides a novel and effective approach for teacher and student. This paper justifies a process orientation to public-speaking instruction and offers practical exercises, games, and activities for teaching the major rhetorical aspects involved in the process of public speaking. These aspects include the following: surveying audience values, dealing with a range of audience interests and concerns, examining a speech proposition, presenting unbiased primary-source evidence, incorporating relevant convincing evidence, organizing ideas, creating an attention-getting introduction, arranging ideas according to a specified format, including effective transitions between ideas, outlining ideas in a logical order, realizing the wide range of positions possible on an issue, using emotional appeals for persuasion, inducing an audience to engage in counter-attitudinal advocacy, recognizing forms of communication other than a public speech for persuasive appeals, analyzing language, dramatizing an experience, using sincere facial expressions and gestures, and accepting anxiety and nervousness as common feelings. (JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Report prepared at Bowling Green State University