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ERIC Number: ED140350
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effects of Practice-Item Variety, Practice Strategy and Training Mode on Performance in a Rule-Finding Task.
Norton, Robert F.; And Others
In this study, which involved 87 freshman English students at Brigham Young University, the variety of practice items and the strategy of Practice (convergent or divergent) were systematically varied, in order to assess their effects on a rule-finding task. The task was presented in an expository fashion, using both rules and practice, and in a discovery format, using practice only. Previous research indicates that the discovery mode facilitates transfer, but not retention, of knowledge. Conversely, it has been found that the expository mode facilitates retention but impedes transfer. Data collected in this study reveal that the amount and tyPe of rule divergence, not the mode of presentation, are the crucial factors in Producing transfer of learning. Thus, the expository mode of presentation can be just as effective in producing transfer learning as is the discovery mode, if divergence in the Practice strategy is provided. Likewise, the performance levels attained with both modes of presentation are greatly reduced if the degree of practice-strategy divergence is restricted. (Author/KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, New York, April 1977)