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ERIC Number: ED140321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Small Group Triad: An Instructional Mode for the Teaching of Writing.
Jacko, Carol M.
The Triad process, a structured form of small-group discussion, has been used in teaching freshman composition. After reading each other's first drafts, students separate into groups of three; in each group, students take the role of reader, writer, or observer. Using role descriptions provided by the teacher, the readers analyze the writers' papers, indicating strengths and weaknesses; the writers use the readers as a resource for obtaining useful information on ways of revising their papers; and the observers observe reader/writer interactions and present feedback on their observations. Roles are then rotated so that each student has a chance to act in all three. Using information they have gained, students rewrite their papers at home for submission to the teacher. An analysis of audiotapes of the interactions of Triad groups and the interactions of groups of three students who were not assigned roles indicated that the Triad groups exhibited more specifically appropriate behavior than the other groups and that Triad members successfully assumed the roles of reader and writer, improving with each session. The performance of observers revealed a need for instruction in process observation (not done in the study). The majority of students found the group discussions useful and enjoyable. (GW)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Program developed at the University of Pittsburgh