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ERIC Number: ED140280
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Mar-30
Reference Count: N/A
Drawing Inferences from a Passage of Texts.
Potts, George R.
The present series of experiments was designed to examine the factors affecting the ability of people to draw inferences from a passage of text. It was found that, using a true-false recognition test, proportion correct was higher and reaction time shorter on inferred information than on information that was actually presented. This was the case for both linear orderings (e.g., "A is better that B. B is better than C.") and set inclusion relations (e.g., "All A are B. All B are C.") This strongly indicates that, when learning a paragraph describing either of these types of ordered information, subjects make and store inferences as an integral part of the reading process. Contrasted with these recognition results, recall of inferences was found to be very poor for both types of relation. Training subjects in such a way as to lead them to expect a recall test did not improve their recall of inferences. This kind of difference between recall and recognition performance is often interpreted as an indication that, although the information in question is stored, it is not easily retrievable. Further research is necessary to determine if this is the case in the above experiments. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Research Grants.
Authoring Institution: Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH.