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ERIC Number: ED140181
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Relationship of Task Characteristics to Attitudes, Absenteeism, Stress and Performance Among College Students.
Rousseau, Denise M.
In organizational settings, research has shown the relationship of task characteristics to attitudes and motivation. This study examines the external validity of the task characteristic-outcome relationship in an educational setting. Subjects were 206 undergraduate psychology students. They were given an inventory of seven task characteristics such as Task Identity, Skill Variety and Autonomy. Using a seven-point scale, they described the extent to which they experienced each one while in school. It was found that the chosen task characteristics are, in general, negatively related to absenteeism and physical and psychological stress. They are also positively related to satisfaction and the desire to stay in school while being completely unrelated to grade point average. According to the canonical correlation analysis, the outcomes best predicted by this set of task characteristics are satisfaction and the desire to stay in school. Task Significance is the task characteristic which is most important to the prediction of these outcomes. (Author/BP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A