ERIC Number: ED140032
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: 0
Career Education and Basic Academic Achievement. A Descriptive Analysis of the Research.
Bhaerman, Robert D.
A descriptive analysis of 38 studies from the early to mid-1970's evaluating the effectiveness of career education (CE) programs focused on student (K-12 grade levels) achievement of competence in the basic academic skills (primarily mathematics, reading, and language arts). The studies reviewed were conducted nationwide using a variety of research designs, instruments, sample sizes, and statistical analysis approaches. The findings were (1) generally supportive of CE in 19 studies where reading and/or mathematics were impacted at various levels of significance and in one study reporting that the treatment students maintained growth in the basic skills; (2) moderately supportive of CE in 16 studies showing reading and/or mathematics grade equivalent score improvement and achievement gains; and (3) unsupportive of CE in 3 studies revealing either negligible or minimal impact. Although few generalizations could be made, it was noted that (1) a few more citations of positive results were itemized for reading than for mathematics or total language; (2) most of the successful studies collected data over one academic year; (3) the more intensive CE treatments led to more positive results; and (4) with few exceptions, CE had few adverse effects. Data charts are appended summarizing information from the 38 studies in several areas: Subject, location, research design, instruments, sample size, grade level, statistical analysis, delimitations, CE treatment, type of study, findings, conclusions, researcher, and institutional source of the report. (EM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Basic Skills, Career Education, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Language Skills, Mathematics, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Reading Skills, Research Methodology, Research Reviews (Publications)
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 017-080-01720-2) No price quoted
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Career Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Note: Charts may be marginally legible due to small print of the original document