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ERIC Number: ED140003
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Levels of Abstraction and the Adult Reader.
Bosco, Joseph A.
A study was designed to examine the relationship between certain measures of cognitive development and reading scores, particularly reading comprehension scores. Forty-one adult basic education students, ranging from 16 to 62 years of age (mean age of 25) and predominantly from lower socioeconomic groups, were administered the following three instruments, used to measure reading comprehension, level of logical judgment, and conservation of linguistic structure, respectively: The California Achievement Test; Peel's test of logical judgment (in which a paragraph was read to the subject, followed by two questions; subject's response was then rated according to coordination of information and data source); and Hutson's instrument consisting of eight pairs of sentences (which varied in terms of probability of occurrence and in terms of similarity and dissimilarity of meaning) in which the subject was asked to judge the equivalence or nonequivalence of paired sentences. Major findings revealed (1) that adults do function at different levels of logical judgment and that the functioning level is independent of the adult's reading achievement score, (2) the validity of Peel's concept of levels of logical judgment is supported, and (3) the two variables, linguistic conservation ability and reading level, are significantly related in adult populations. (SH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A