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ERIC Number: ED139890
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Federal and State Roles in School Desegregation: A Discussion and Analysis.
Edelstein, Frederick S.
This paper discusses the role and function of the federal government and of the states in school desegregation. Through a historical review, the many policies, programs, and actions which have created and influenced the federal government's conduct in school desegregation since 1954 are traced. Probably the most significant part of the federal role is its performance as the pacesetter and catalyst on social issues. School desegregation has been no different. The courts and legislation have attempted to change the education system to make more equitable opportunities. The Fourteenth Amendment is an example of this effort. There is a definitely different role being performed by the states than the federal government. This role has been minimal to nonexistent in most states. Few states have really played decisive roles in forcing the elimination of segregation in public schools through each state. In 1976, at most a dozen states were actually participating at the same time with the federal effort to initiate desegregation policies and plans. The positive and active federal role has become somewhat limited during the last 8 years by the less than supportive leadership of the president. This has not prevented a federal role, but it has curtailed the vigorous enforcement role and standards established by the courts in the late 1960's. It is suggested that as the federal role remains strong, the state role must expand as it is its responsibility under the Constitution to require equal education opportunity for its citizens. The two roles do not have to run counter to each other but can be complementary and help in instituting better school desegregation. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A