ERIC Number: ED139882
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr-5
Reference Count: 0
Common Characteristics of Innovative Urban School Districts: A Tale of Three Cities.
Williams, Richard C.
Based on the results of a study on the process of change in urban education, this scholarly paper discusses the design of the study and sets forth common characteristics or "essential conditions" of innovative school districts. These are: a citzenry that encourages and supports change, an assertive school that translates the community's mandate for change into district policy, a strong superintendent whose leadership skills are known and respected by the school district and community, a well-defined and developed change delivery system, and a teaching staff that is not opposed to the district's innovative efforts. The paper elaborates the essential conditions which were expected to emerge, those which did emerge, and the extent to which these conditions were actually present. (Author/BS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, N.Y., April 5, 1977)