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ERIC Number: ED139846
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Feb-28
Proportion of U.S. Children of School Age Living in Poverty Declined in South During 1969-75.
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC.
This paper provides preliminary estimates for 1975 of the total number of school-age children 5 to 7 years of age living in families below the poverty level in each state. The determination of poverty status was made in accordance with the official definition as required by section 103 (c) (1) (A) of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The estimates in the tables were developed from the Survey of Income and Education, a special survey of the population that the Bureau of the Census conducted in each state between April and July 1976. Attached to the study are the enclosures. Enclosure A contains a description of the survey along with a statement which addresses the statistical reliability of the estimates and certain conceptual, collection, and processing differences between these estimates and those developed from the 1970 Census and the current Population Survey. Enclosure B examines the effect on Title I fund allocations which would result if the 1970 census estimates of school-age children in poverty, currently being used in the formula were to be replaced by these preliminary survey estimates. Enclosure C contains current estimates of the poverty population by state using alternative "poverty" measures. Tentative findings based on the preliminary data indicate some significant changes in the geographic distribution in the number of children in poverty since 1970. It appears that children in poverty have become somewhat less concentrated in the South and lower income states, while the more industralized and higher income states have tended to increase their relative share. The incidence of poverty among children has tended to become relatively more uniform by state. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Commerce, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I