ERIC Number: ED139711
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May-21
Reference Count: 0
Filling the Family Planning Gap. Worldwatch Paper 12.
The author provides a global review of family planning techniques and their impact on national birth rates. Sterilization, the pill, and intrauterine devices are the most popular methods of contraception worldwide. Abortion, where it is legal, is also extremely popular. In countries such as the United States where population control is not an urgent concern, there is a need to educate young people about contraception, make devices readily available, and eliminate the social stigma that birth control is an untouchable subject. In developing countries with critical population problems, family planning action is required on several fronts. Decentralized programs have shown greatest success. These programs combine increased supply of devices and motivation in the form of peer reinforcement and educational efforts. When a variety of contraceptives is made available, people seem more willing to participate in family planning because coercion by community or government seems less rigid. The author describes in detail successful programs in China which are the responsiblity of small groups in factories and villages. Tight community bonds are instrumental in their success. Funding needs and agencies for global birth control are discussed, as well as changing attitudes of national governments. (AV)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Birth Rate, Community Role, Contraception, Developing Nations, Family Life Education, Family Planning, Global Approach, Government Role, Parents, Peer Relationship, Population Trends, Program Effectiveness, World Problems
Worldwatch Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 ($2.00 paperbound, quantity discounts available)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Fund for Population Activities, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Worldwatch Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of the original document