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ERIC Number: ED139657
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Laboratory and Lecture Approaches to Mathematics Instruction for Concrete and Formal College Students (HYP).
Kulm, Gerald
The hypothesis was tested that concrete operational subjects learn better from a laboratory-based concrete activity approach than would formal subjects. Four units of mathematics were studied over a 7-week period by 89 preservice elementary teachers divided into lecture and laboratory groups. A 2 by 2 design (treatment by cognitive level) was used to analyze achievement on four unit tests, a comprehensive test, and a retention test. Significant interactions on two unit tests and the achievement and retention tests were found in ANOVAs, indicating that formal subjects learned better in the laboratory and concrete subjects learned better in the lecture approach. (Author/DT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, New York, April 4-8, 1977)