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ERIC Number: ED139635
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Sex, Field Dependence and Formal Thought.
Piburn, Michael D.
Examined were the relative effects of a number of variables, but particularly sex and field-dependence, on performance of secondary school students on Piagetian measures of formal thought. It was hypothesized that males will receive significantly higher mean scores than females on all measures; that field-independent subjects will receive significantly higher scores than field-dependent subjects on all measures; that sex, when controlled for all background variables, will not contribute significantly to mean scores on measures of formal thought; and that the factor structure among Piagetian measures of formal thought will show "written" and "manipulative" factors for females, but not for males. The main battery of measures consisted of twelve tasks, eight clinical and four written, intended to measure three Piagetian schemata: proportions, combinations and permutations, and correlations and probability. The Embedded Figures Test was administered individually as a measure of field-dependence-independence. Statistical analysis of results confirms the first two hypotheses. Rejection of the third hypothesis is discussed, and it is noted that sex and field-dependence appear to operate independently in influencing analytical problem-solving ability. As for the fourth hypothesis, no tendency was revealed for written and clinical tasks to separate into discrete factors for either males or females. (CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A