ERIC Number: ED139625
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Curriculum Planning and Implementation in Science Education: A Handbook of General Competencies and Strategies for the Educational Planner and Advisor.
Sunal, Cynthia S.; Sunal, Dennis W.
Major considerations in planning and implementing curriculum changes in science education are presented in this handbook. Steps for building a general framework for curriculum planning are related to key questions which should be considered in applying this framework to an approach selected. Presented are characteristics of the major approaches to curriculum planning; i.e., the Social Demand approach, the Manpower approach, and the Cost-Benefit approach. The factors of demography, attitudes of social groups, governmental educational policy and expected rate of economic growth are considered in terms of curriculum planning. Methods of getting real costs of education and problems characteristic of rural and primary school education are discussed. Requirements (community support, money, prepared teachers, and planning) of curriculum change are emphasized, and strategies for effecting curriculum change are outlined. The roles of the advisor and curriculum planner are defined. Finally, ten conditions that have been established for success in educational planning are listed. (CS)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A