ERIC Number: ED139582
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
A Model of "Grass-Roots" Community Development: The D-Q University Native American Language Education Project.
Forbes, Jack D.; Adams, Howard
Embodying a thoroughly grass-roots, democratic approach, the Native American Language Education (NALE) Project of D-Q University began operation during 1973-74. Local Native Americans are employed to work with the indigenous population in the local communities. Members of the local community are provided the time and opportunity to discuss, meet, and present their views, feelings, and opinions regarding the total language development process which occurs within their own community. The elderly people, who possess all the knowledge and wisdom of tribal language, culture, and history, are periodically contracted as professional consultants because of their tribal expertise, to correct, evaluate, and approve language materials before they are printed and distributed. In 1973-74 materials were prepared for, and disseminated to, a large audience comprised of Indian tribes across the country. Most staff effort was focused at the Papago in Arizona and the Zuni in New Mexico. By 1974-75 virtually all resources were focused at Papago and Zuni. This report includes: a summary of the historical and current situation of the Zuni and Papago peoples; discussions of the community development theory and the NALE project, and of the role of self-determination in language development; a description of the NALE project (background, philosophy, general objectives, and operation); and a brief discussion of the project evaluation. (NQ)
Descriptors: American Indian Languages, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Community Development, Community Involvement, Culture Conflict, Formative Evaluation, Individual Power, Language Acquisition, Language Programs, Local History, Organizational Theories, Orthographic Symbols, Program Administration, Program Descriptions, Social History
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Davis. Tecumseh Center.
Identifiers - Location: Arizona; New Mexico