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ERIC Number: ED139548
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Influence of Daycare on Social Behaviors Towards Peers and Adults.
Finkelstein, Neal W.; Wilson, Kathryn
This study compared the social behaviors of daycare-attending and home-reared children in a novel social setting with both an unfamiliar peer and adult. Subjects were 24 children 26 months of age, each accompanied by a familiar caretaker. Twelve children (5 girls and 7 boys) were a randomly drawn sample of the general population recruited from county birth records. Nine of these children were reared at home and three were in full-time daycare. The twelve children in the experimental group (5 girls and 7 boys) participated in a daycare intervention project. The children were brought to an observation room with their caretakers or mothers and were observed in three 7-minute sessions which differed in the number of toys provided (no toys, one toy, 5 toys). Caretakers were asked not in initiate interactions with the children or direct the children's play. Results showed no differences in the peer behavior of the experimental and general population children. A significant effect for the number of toys was found on the frequency of active initiations of peer interaction, with more active and positive attempts to initiate interactions occurring when there was either no toys or only one toy present. Experimental children were found to spend more time in solitary play with toys than did general population children when the five toys were present. Finally, data revealed that experimental children spent more time away from the familiar caretaker and were more likely to interact with the stranger than general population children. It was concluded that daycare may enhance children's ability to interact with unfamiliar adults. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)