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ERIC Number: ED139523
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Perinatal Risk, Mother-Infant Interaction, and Early Developmental Outcome of Preterm and Fullterm Infants.
Bakeman, Roger; Brown, Josephine V.
This study investigated: (1) the effects of early mother-infant interaction on the infant's cognitive and social development during the first year of life; (2) the impact of perinatal factors on that development; and (3) the differences, if any, in the impact of mother-infant interaction and perinatal factors on preterm and full term infants. Subjects were 49 mothers and infants (26 preterms and 23 fullterms) from a low income black population. Perinatal optimality was assessed with a scale developed by Parmelee and his associates. Indices which characterize the structure of mother-infant interaction were derived from two observation sessions, one just before hospital discharge and one a month later. Development was defined as the change in Bayley Mental Development Indices (Corrected for conceptional age) from 3 to 12 months after hospital discharge. Results were interpreted as supporting the notion that preterms are generally more sensitive to environmental influences than fullterms. Data suggest that: (1) instead of being more critical for infants with a history of perinatal complications, mother-infant interaction may actually be less critical; and (2) intervention programs which would improve developmental outcome should focus on those factors which underlie perinatal complications. (Author/MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD. Center for Studies of Crime and Delinquency.
Authoring Institution: N/A