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ERIC Number: ED139511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Reciprocal Control in Social Interactions of Mothers and Three-Year-Old Children.
Farran, Dale C.; Haskins, Ron
This study investigated the mutual control and influence patterns in mother/child social interactions. A total of 28 mothers and their 3-year-old children participated in the study. All of the families were black with average income below the poverty line, and the average maternal educational level was 10th grade. Behaviors of each mother and child pair interacting in a playroom were scored from videotapes by two observers using an electronic, digital recorder. The state of activity of mothers and children was assigned to one of four categories (mutual play, passive interaction, play alone, or no clear activity) and two types of direct attempts to influence the other's behaviors were also scored (suggestion of an entirely new activity or suggestion of a modification of an ongoing activity). Results showed that mothers were almost continually involved in attempting to structure their children's play through both major and minor suggestions. Their directive attempts far exceeded those of their children, although mothers were quite responsive to requests by their children. Findings also showed that children exercised a great deal of indirect effect on their mother's behavior. In making suggestions, mothers were sensitive to what their children were doing and altered their responses accordingly. Children were indirectly affected by the mother's behavior only in their alterations of showing and giving toys; children were not as sensitive to contextual cues in attempting to directly modify their mother's behaviors. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A