ERIC Number: ED138905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Construction of a Personal Autonomy Inventory.
Strumpfer, D. J. W.
The inventory contains three factural scales: independence of judgement, moral relativism, and adventurousness. The item pool was based upon descriptions of the need for autonomy (positive) and for independence (negative). The preliminary English form included the Crowne-Marlowe Social Desirability Scale, and was completed by 233 English-speaking adult males; 216 Afrikaans speaking males completed the Afrikaans version. Both samples contained subjects from diverse occupational backgrounds, between ages 19 and 60. A total autonomy score, based on 150 items was used to obtain item-total correlations. On the English form, each item was also correlated with the Crowne-Marlowe Scale and an index was calculated that indicated an item's content saturation with the effects of desirability removed; items sharing a negative index were discarded. The remaining 93 items were factor analyzed separately for the two samples. Both Varimax and Direct Quartimin rotations for three and four factors were carried out. High factor reliabilities were obtained across language groups. For scale construction, the three-factor solutions were used, and items loading above .30 on each factor but below .25 on the other two were included. Corrected odd-even reliabilities in the construction samples ranged from .70 to .84. (Author/JLL)
Descriptors: Afrikaans, Behavior Rating Scales, Cross Cultural Studies, English, Individual Psychology, Males, Methods Research, Motivation, Personality Assessment, Psychological Characteristics, Questionnaires, Test Construction
Order Department, American Psychological Association, 1200 Seventeenth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. (HC $4.00, MF $2.00, order number JSAS MS. 1278, prepayment required)
Publication Type: Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. Journal Supplement Abstract Service.