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ERIC Number: ED138898
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Family Versus Industrialization and Urbanization: Occupational Roles as a Potential Link.
Seward, Rudy R.
The growth and development of industrialization and urbanization has been cited widely as the key active agents in bringing about family change. Of the two processes, industrialization is considered more influential in changing the family and, also, it offers the best opportunity for empirical testing. In particular, the occupational role of the family head emerges as an important direct link between the family and the economy, and manifests most of the aspects attributed to industrialization. In an effort to test the significance of occupational roles performed by the family head, data were gathered for a sample of families from 9,600 households. The source of this data was original manuscript census schedules from 1850-1880. Data were gathered on various structural aspects of the family as well as on the occupation of its head. The resulting data suggest that as the proportion of farmers declined in the labor force some change in the structure of the family took place; however, the expected relationship between occupational group for non-farm jobs and family structure often followed a pattern in reverse of expectations. (Author/JLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; North Texas State Univ., Denton.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Sociological Society (St. Louis, Missouri, April 21-24, 1976)