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ERIC Number: ED138792
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Printed Literature Adequacy as Instructional Materials in Non-Formal Learning Situations: An Exploratory Study Based on Instructional Design Theory.
Carter, G. L., Jr.; Zimmerman, Harry P.
Prompted by the concern of Extension faculty involved in providing leadership for 4-H programs that the literature being provided is not used to an extent expected/intended--to an extent that would justify costs involved, a two-phased study was conducted. One phase examined Wisconsin 4-H literature against a framework of what constitutes adequate instructional materials design. The second phase examined, by means of open-ended interviewing, the use actually being made of the literature by adult volunteer leaders and 4-H members. In phase 1 (described in this report) the content of 176 items of literature, ranging from a one-sheet leader planning guide to an 80-page bulletin, was examined in five dimensions: (1) Overview (how the publication measured up in terms of the presence or absence of purpose, objectives, contents, and color), (2) instructional design elements, (3) readability elements, (4) types of learning outcomes, and (5) humanistic approach (how the materials took into consideration the dignity of the person and his/her capacity for self-realization; whether material was stereotyped). Overall, it was concluded that the instructional materials examined were strongly oriented to providing verbal information--to the near exclusion of more complex learning outcomes. In addition to suggesting that consideration be given to concern for types of learning outcomes, the findings raised serious questions about the adequacy of the design of the materials. The adequacy of the readability dimension appeared to be the primary strength of the materials. (SH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Wisconsin