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ERIC Number: ED138675
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Determinants of Resegregation: Compliance/Rejection Behavior and Policy Alternatives.
Giles, Michael W.; And Others
This is a final report of a four year research project which examined the factors influencing parental resistance to school desegregation. A total of 2,112 white parents with children attending assigned public schools in 1971-72 but who were enrolled in private school in 1972-73 were interviewed. Two forms of parental resistance to school integration were examined in seven desegregated school districts which reflected Florida's cultural heterogeneity. One form was "rejection", the decision to transfer a child from a public to a private school. A second form was "protest" the decision to actively and overtly oppose desegregation while keeping the child in the public school system. Chi square analysis was used to compare the two groups of parents on various aspects of prejudice and on attitudes towards school integration. The tendency toward "rejection" increased with social status. The threshold point for "rejection" was a 30 percent black population in the school. Protest behavior was an emotional and transient response to school desegregation. Specific experiences with desegregation contributed far less to protest behavior than attitudes concerning race and school integration. The report concluded that stable desegregation can be achieved. Another conclusion of the report was that while some white flight might be inevitable with school desegregation, it need not result in complete resegregation of the schools. Parents' reactions to desegregation were intertwined with their concerns about the quality of education offered in public schools and the ability of the schools to provide a safe and orderly learning environment for their children. Numerous tables, charts, and an appendix are included. They delineate the rejecter-protester comparisons on the basis of income, education, and occupation. (Author/JP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. RANN Program.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida