ERIC Number: ED138485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Measuring the Moral Reasoning Power of Elementary School Students: A Report of a Two-Year Study.
Burnham, Brian; Murphy, Joseph
This document reports on research to determine the moral maturity of elementary and secondary school students. One aspect of the project involved the development and field-testing of The Important Considerations Survey (ICS), an objective paper-and-pencil instrument that attempts to determine a student's level of moral reasoning along Kohlberg's six-stage continuum. Two experimental forms were field-tested on 11 to 16 year olds. After students read four stories containing moral dilemmas, they rated the relative importance of many considerations that might precede decision making. A detailed scoring manual is presented. As outgrowths of the ICS activity, two research projects were undertaken to explore moral reasoning abilities of younger elementary pupils for whom the ICS would be inappropriate. The Dilemma Decisions Project involved 4th, 5th, and 6th graders in considering moral dilemmas presented in certain situations and in suggesting possible consequences of various alternatives on the actors involved in the dilemma. An attempt was made to assess moral reasoning levels from the class discussion. The Role-Playing Project exposed 2nd, 3rd, and 4th graders to a series of structured role-playing activities in an attempt to influence their moral reasoning levels. Rationale, reviews of relevant literature, and results of the two projects are described. (Author/AV)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Research, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Forced Choice Technique, Measurement Techniques, Moral Development, Moral Issues, Moral Values, Observation, Research Methodology, Role Playing, Secondary School Students
York County Board of Education, Box 40, Aurora, Ontario, L4G 3H2, Canada ($5.00 paperbound)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: York County Board of Education, Aurora (Ontario).