ERIC Number: ED138445
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Perceptions of Scientific Literacy.
Gabel, Lawrence L.
This study sought to infer dimensions of scientific literacy with regard to a theoretical definition for a group of science-oriented persons, for a group of nonscience-oriented persons, and for the two groups combined. Relationships between the inferred dimensions and the predictor variables, educational level, amount of science education, educational level of parents, age, and sex were investigated. A theoretical definition of scientific literacy was developed and used to develop a 45-statement Q-set. The randomly selected groups consisted of 75 university and 100 public science persons, and 75 university and 100 public nonscience persons. Participants were asked to sort the Q-set in terms of "What should be expected of most high school graduates with regard to science?" Descriptive statistics, correlations, factor analysis, analyses of variance, and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Seven inferred dimensions of scientific literacy were developed: scientific inquiry, maintaining current awareness, valuing methods of science, personal application of science, distinguishing between science and technology, utilizing factual knowledge, and mutual involvement of science and society. (Author/MH)
Descriptors: Citizenship Responsibility, Educational Research, Measurement Instruments, Public Opinion, Science Education, Scientific Attitudes, Scientific Literacy, Scientific Methodology, Scientific Principles, Surveys
Lawrence L. Gabel, Ph.D., Ohio State University, College of Medicine, 3190 Graves Hall, 333 W. 10th Avenue, Columbia, Ohio 43210
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (50th, Cincinnati, Ohio, March 22-24, 1977); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document