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ERIC Number: ED138415
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug-21
Reference Count: N/A
Moving to the Country: Return Migration to a Rural Area.
Mapstone, James R.
Study objectives were to: compare in-migrants with non-migrants in order to ascertain the migrants' demographic and socioeconomic contributions to rural areas; analyze the patterns of this in-migration to determine the presence and extent of return migration; contrast returned migrants with in-migrants who had no prior residence in the rural area; and examine those portions of return migration characterized as either goal-oriented moves or failure-to-adapt moves. A minor civil division designated rural and experiencing both a declining population and in-migration (northern New York) was examined via survey (99 households) in terms of age, occupational structure, income, education, and size and structure of family residence. Results indicated: migrants and non-migrants differ, the migrants being younger, more often employed, and less often retired; the migration stream was predominantly return migrants; returned migration was the source of the demographic and economic differences between the migrant and non-migrant populations, the returned migrants being less like the native population than the new migrants. Implications were: returned migration constitutes the major type of movement to a declining area; family relations are paramount in counterstream theory; speculation that urban to rural migration is stimulated by a search for alternative life styles is not supported; differences within the return migration stream necessitate a refinement of migration theory incorporating goal-oriented moves and moves resulting from failure to adapt. (JC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Demography, Employment, Family Structure, Income, Migrants, Migration Patterns, Motivation, Place of Residence, Population Trends, Rural Areas, Rural Population, Rural Resettlement, Socioeconomic Influences, Theories, Urban to Rural Migration
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York