ERIC Number: ED138357
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Junior High School and Puberty upon Self-Esteem.
Simmons, Roberta G.; And Others
This longitudinal study measured the impact of pubertal development, sex, race, and school type on the self-esteem of 12- and 13-year-old children. One of the questions being investigated was whether the move from a protected elementary school into a larger, more impersonal junior high affected children's self-image more negatively than did a move from 6th to 7th grade within the same school. Subjects were 798 children from 18 elementary schools who were interviewed privately once in 6th grade and a year later in 7th grade. There were three main school populations in the sample: (1) K-8 schools, (2) K-6/ junior high schools with comparable social characteristics, and (3) K-6 junior high schools which were predominately black. The interview consisted primarily of multiple choice questions concerning self-esteem, social and school behavior. Results indicated that white girls scored lower in self-esteem than black girls or white and black boys. An analysis of the data comparing white students in K-8 schools with those in K-6/junior high programs indicated that girls moving into a junior high school were more likely to show low self-esteem than girls remaining in a K-8 system. Boys did not appear to be affected by school type. Maturation (as measured by the presence of menstruation), achievement scores and dating behavior also affected self-esteem in girls. Results are discussed. (SB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Dating (Social), Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Grade 6, Grade 7, Junior High School Students, Maturation, Middle Schools, Puberty, Questionnaires, Racial Differences, Research, School Organization, Self Concept, Self Esteem, Sex Differences, Student Behavior
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Grant Foundation, New York, NY.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977); Tables 1 and 2 may not reproduce clearly due to small print size of original document