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ERIC Number: ED138355
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Inferences About Affect.
Lindauer, Barbara K.
This paper describes two studies which investigated the development in elementary school children of the ability to derive inferences about the subjective states (physiological and psychological) of others. A cued recall procedure was utilized to assess the relative effectiveness of implicitly or explicitly stated emotional states as cues for sentence memory. Subjects were 128 first and fifth graders. Explicitly stated cues were more effective for the younger age groups (6-7 years) while cue types did not differ for 11-12 year olds. Also, the effect of additional information, such as the addition of a physical or temporal consequence of the action stated by the verb, was shown to facilitate performance for all age groups. A multiple choice task assessed the comprehension of the implied affect and demonstrated that although young children could choose the appropriate affect, they were not able to utilize this information effectively in the cued recall task. Results are discussed in relation to social cognitive development and to constructive comprehension processes. (Author/MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A