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ERIC Number: ED138147
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Women and Minorities in Health Fields: A Trend Analysis of College Freshmen. Volume 1. Freshmen Interested in the Health Professions.
Holmstrom, Engin Inel; And Others
Just over seven percent of first-time, full-time freshmen in 1966, 1972, and 1974 named a health profession as their long-term career choice. Though the proportion remained fairly stable, the absolute number of aspiring health professionals increased by 37.4 percent over the eight-year period, reflecting the increase in freshmen enrollments. The career choice of physician was consistently the most popular, claiming nearly half of the aspiring health professionals, followed by veterinarian, dentist, pharmacist, and optometrist, the last appealing to only 3.2 percent of this population in 1974. In 1974, over one in three aspiring health professionals was a woman; just over one in twenty was black; and another one in twenty belonged to a nonblack racial/ethnic minority group. These figures represent dramatic increases over 1966 in the numbers of women and minority group members. Aspiring health professionals generally come from more affluent and better-educated backgrounds than do the average freshman. There were some differences among the five career groups, however, as well as between the sexes and racial/ethnic categories. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources Administration (DHEW/PHS), Bethesda, MD. Bureau of Health Manpower.
Authoring Institution: American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Policy Analysis Service.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document. Many charts will not reproduce well.