ERIC Number: ED137898
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
Disaster By Decree: The Supreme Court Decisions on Race and the Schools.
Graglia, Lino A.
The author strongly criticizes busing, the compulsory transportation of school children out of their neighborhoods to increase school racial balance. He reviews all the major court decisions bearing on busing and school integration since the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision. He maintains that the Supreme Court stepped out of the legitimate bounds of the Constitution when it went beyond the basic Brown decision, which simply declared racial discrimination in the public schools to be unconstitutional. Each decision following Brown increasingly indicated that the court intended not only to consider segregation unlawful, but to require redress of racial imbalance, regardless of the causes of that imbalance. According to the author, this position has no constitutional justification. The court-mandated policy of racial balance has caused not only increased racial segregation in the schools, but has deprived public education of the resources and leadership traditionally provided by the middle and upper classes. As these classes flee the decaying cities and take their children out of the public schools, urban deterioration accelerates and racial separation in the society as a whole increases. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Busing, Court Litigation, Court Role, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Litigation, Desegregation Methods, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Courts, Federal Legislation, Federal State Relationship, Legal Problems, Postsecondary Education, Racial Integration, Racially Balanced Schools, School Desegregation, Social Problems, Supreme Court Litigation
Cornell University Press, 124 Roberts Place, Ithaca, New York 14850 ($11.50)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A