ERIC Number: ED137848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Science as a Rhetorical Enterprise.
Hosman, Lawrence A.
The belief that science attempts to objectively depict reality is based on a positivist philosophy which is currently considered a discredited theory. This essay advances the argument that science can be considered a rhetorical enterprise; that is, that scientists attempt to influence one another's beliefs concerning the acceptability of theories and research findings. The role of rhetoric in science, scientific discourse and its adaptation to rhetorical situations, and the scientific community's reliance on critical discourse are analyzed. The conceptualization of scientific communication in terms of rhetorical theory can delineate the differences between "hard" sciences (physics, astronomy, etc.) and "soft sciences" (psychology, sociology, etc.), provide a basis from which scientific discourse may be evaluated, and, finally, remove some of the mystique which surrounds scientific activity. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Speech Association (Southfield, Michigan, April 14-16, 1977)