ERIC Number: ED137697
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Selection of Behavior Modification Programs Using the Simultaneous Treatment Design: Two Case Studies.
Lowe, Warren C.
This report outlines the limitations and weaknesses of singlecase, time-series research designs, of which the ABAB design is one of the widely used. An alternative design, the simultaneous treatment design, proposed by Browning and Stover (1971), has several advantages over the ABAB design. The design enables an experimenter to simultaneously answer two important questions: (1) to what extent is the target behavior changing? and (2) Which of several possible treatment alternatives is most effective? Unfortunately, the simultaneous treatment design has rarely been used in research studies reported to date. Two case studies are presented to illustrate the utility of the simultaneous treatment design in modifying the classroom behavior of two young children in a Headstart program. In each case a teacher and a teacher's aide recorded data and administered the treatment programs. Problem behaviors of both children were similar and each received the same treatment conditions simultaneously in a counterbalanced order: response-contingent reinforcement (Treatment A) and response-contingent time out (Treatment B). It was determined that Treatment B was significantly more facilitative than Treatment A for Child 1. However, the reverse was true for Child 2. Advantages and limitations of the simultaneous treatment design are briefly reviewed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Midwestern Association of Behavior Analysis (2nd, Chicago, Illinois, May 1-4, 1976)