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ERIC Number: ED137665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Changes With Age in Learning and Memory.
Arenberg, David
Recent publications of longitudinal and sequential analyses of psychometric data have been cited as evidence for "the myth of intellectual decline" with age. This term "myth" has been interpreted by many gerontologists to mean that intellectual functioning does not decline even late in life (except shortly before death). Furthermore, this interpretation of maintenance of functioning has been generalized to other cognitive performance. Learning and memory data from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study have been analyzed. Laboratory measures of serial and paired-associate learning and performance on the Benton Revised Visual Retention test indicate that verbal learning and memory-for-designs decline late in life. The primary results are based on pairs of measures at least six years apart of men over the entire adult range. These results were supported by comparisons of two independent samples from each of several birth cohorts. The two samples were measured at different times and provided estimates of age changes within cohorts. The samples measured later were older than the early samples; and for the groups late in life, performance favored the younger samples. The participants in this study are predominantly educated healthy men. These findings are not consistent with the hypothesis of maintenance of cognitive performance late in life. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (84th, Washington, D.C., September 3-7, 1976)