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ERIC Number: ED137659
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 65
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Possible Factors Associated with High Rates of Out-of-Marriage Births Among Adolescents.
Chilman, Catherine S.
An exhaustive analytic review of large bodies of research indicates that rates of premarital intercourse among teenagers have risen sharply since 1966. This is particularly true for white females, for whom the rate is probably about three times that of the 1920's thru the mid-1960's; for white males the rate seems to have risen about 50%. By age 17 or 18, rates for white males and females are about 40%; for black males, probably 95% and black females, about 70%. Premarital intercourse seems to be occurring earlier for both sexes and both races. A sharp decline in double standard attitudes and behaviors is noted. Most adolescents are not promiscuous; sex relations generally occur in an affectionate steady relationship. Only about 15% of sexually active teen-agers appeared to use effective contraceptives consistently (as of 1972). Higher incidence of premarital intercourse, improved physical health, earlier maturation, poor contraceptive practice, and a drop in the early marriage rate probably account, to a large extent, for rising rates of out-of-marriage births to adolescents. Several factors account for the far higher illegitimacy rates among blacks: less use of abortion and effective contraceptives, and fewer forced marriages. (Author)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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