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ERIC Number: ED137413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Evaluation and Public Policy.
Hayman, John; Rayder, Nick
Educational evaluation has been generally ineffective in improving educational practice, and many evaluations have dehumanizing aspects. A conference was held at Berkeley in April, 1976, to consider this situation. Participants included professional evaluators, teachers, parents, students, and interested others. One outcome was this hypothesis: The efficacy of information produced in an evaluation effort varies inversely with the number of organizational levels that the action the information describes is removed from the decision process the information is intended to influence. In support, it is noted that any information has a syntactic aspect, a semantic aspect, and an effectiveness or influence aspect. It is then argued that the syntactic aspect is violated in trying to detect small effects by aggregating data across organization levels; that greater error variance is produced in such an effort; that the most useful information semantically is that from the same organizational level as the user; and that information from other levels is certain to be less motivating. Recommendations include humanizing evaluation, involving the evaluated, removing racism and sexism from evaluation efforts, use of more appropriate evaluations by teachers, increasing the relevance of evaluation to decision makers, and organizing a public constituency for change of evaluation philosophy and practice. (Author/MV)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (61st, New York, New York, April 4-8, 1977)