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ERIC Number: ED137401
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Racial Bias as a Contaminant of Performance Evaluations. Research Report No. 15.
Outtz, James L.
Eight hypothetical college instructors were evaluated by 174 white and 129 black college students. Each instructor's teaching performance was described using statements of predetermined favorability. Three levels of teaching performance, good, average, and poor were described. Instructor race was manipulated through the use of photographs. Three primary hypotheses were tested: (1) evaluations of job performance are related to the race of rater and ratee; (2) in the absence of relevant information perceived attitude similarity is related to the race of the individuals involved; and (3) the effects of racial bias on performance ratings will depend upon the cognitive balance between rater, ratee, and the ratee's performance. The hypotheses were tested using correlational analyses and the results are detailed. It was found that racial bias influenced performance ratings, but only to a limited degree. The subjects in this study evaluated teaching behavior primarily on the basis of relevant information about teaching performance. Teaching performance also influenced ratings of perceived attitude similarity. (RC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Dept. of Psychology.