ERIC Number: ED137381
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Undergraduate Academic Achievement in College as an Indication of Occupational Success. Professional Series 75-5.
Nelson, Alice M.
The findings and conclusions of an inquiry into the use and value of college academic records as a primary basis for predicting later occupational success are summarized. The inquiry revealed a wide variation in the meaning of grades from school to school. The quality of students accepted by different colleges varies widely. This variation is modified, but not eliminated, by college experiences so that there remain large differences in quality among college graduates. These great differences are masked by the apparent uniformity existing in grading systems among colleges, when in fact grading systems vary widely both between and within colleges. The recent phenomenon of grade inflation has only intensified this masking effect. Because grades vary widely from school to school, grade point average may be of little value in predicting success either in specific occupations or in other adult accomplishments. Although technical inadequacies of much research in this area make conclusions difficult to draw, much empirical evidence implies that grade point average is a poor predictor of later vocational achievement. At the very least, the evidence suggests that no single measure of college achievement should be used alone as a basis for selection decisions. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Personnel Research and Development Center.