ERIC Number: ED137372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Essential Dimensions of Performance Tests. Professional Paper 1-77.
Osborn, William C.
Four essential dimensions of a performance test are detailed: directness of test method, type of criterion, standardization of conditions, and objectivity of scoring. For simplicity these factors are described as if each were dichotomous, when in actuality each is a continuum; a test method may be more or less direct, conditions more or less standardized. Moreover, as shown here, the dimensions are depicted as independent, when in practice they are not--for instance, indirect methods of testing are often used to attain objective scoring; and process criteria to achieve standardized conditions. Nevertheless, this simple framework provides a useful analytic tool for developers and users of performance tests. It can guide the development of a test, or be used after the fact to identify weaknesses in existing tests. More generally it defines problem areas confronting the performance testing practitioner--problem areas which must be addressed by research and creative development work if performance tests are to be used reliably and validly. (Author/RC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress of Applied Psychology (18th, Montreal, Canada, August 1974)