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ERIC Number: ED137251
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Issues in Designing Preparation Programs or "When is a Program a Program?"
Ruch, Charles P.
The purpose of this article is to examine issues related to the design of training programs for educational personnel. An educational training program consists of sets of planned experiences offered in a prescribed sequence and manner but involves other factors as well, since a training program is an environment going beyond the explicit content communicated to include overt and attitude change. The author examines implicit factors involved in creating a "powerful environment," including change as a stated objective, provisions for both professional and personal development, the valuation of such changes and their congruence. Design issues examined include problems of integrating the horizontal and vertical organizational components as separate entities and as parts of a structural whole; instructional settings and locales; and strategies for developing an integrated structure. Process issues are the other major components of developing the energy and potency needed to make a program a "powerful environment." The author examines recruitment, selection and admission processes, advisory and staffing processes, training processes (grouping, teaming, and contracting), and supervision modes in an effort to explicate means of intensifying these processes in order to increase the potency of the training program. Implicit processes (choosing of deductive or inductive inquiry methods, activity selection, sequencing and pacing) are the last factors examined by the author. In summary, a program becomes a program when structural and process dimensions are so designed and managed as to provide a "total learning experience" for the trainee. (MB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A