ERIC Number: ED137157
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The State of Civil Rights: 1976.
Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
The review documents civil rights developments during 1976, concentrating on positive developments such as school desegregation, increased political participation by minorities and women, and on negative developments such as economic recession and inadequate civil rights enforcement. Section I provides information on the Supreme Court's 1976 decision in Washington v. Davis and several other related cases in which the court restated that the plaintiff in civil rights cases must prove that the defendant acted with discriminatory intent. Section II describes the gap in occupational and income status between white males, minorities, and women which was aggravated by the 1974-5 recession and continued into 1976. In section III, desegregation of educational facilities and the enactment of bilingual, bicultural programs are discussed, followed by a report of increased political participation by minorities and women in section IV and a review of housing conditions and problems in section V. Section VI reviews a number of other civil rights issues, including abortion, the Equal Rights Amendment, harassment of legal aliens, abuse of Native Americans, and discrimination within the military. The conclusion is that the Federal Government must counteract the erosion of previous commitments to basic rights by reestablishing America's moral commitment to civil rights through specific equal opportunity programs. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equal Facilities, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Government Role, Higher Education, Housing Discrimination, Minority Groups, Moral Issues, Racial Discrimination, Reports, Social Change, Socioeconomic Influences, Supreme Court Litigation
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.