ERIC Number: ED137121
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Jul
Reference Count: 0
A Survey of Elementary School Teachers'& Principals' Attitudes to Mathematics and Utilizing Mini-Calculators.
Campbell, Patricia; Virgin, Albert
Investigator-constructed questionnaires were distributed to fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade teachers and to elementary school principals in order to determine their attitudes toward the use of calculators in the mathematics program. One hundred eighty-three teachers and 64 principals responded. Results showed that the three most frequently cited teaching objectives for mathematics included understanding basic concepts, practicality, and the development of logical reasoning skills. Other objectives included proficiency in problem-solving, computational skills, and an enjoyment and interest in mathematics. Just over half of the teachers did not think the use of a calculator would help them realize their teaching objectives. Advantages and disadvantages of the calculator were cited. Almost half of the teachers surveyed felt that the calculator could be introduced between grades 4 and 6, while 44% indicated a preference for after grade 6. More than half of the principals thought that students should display at least average proficiency before being able to use a calculator. The majority of principals agreed that the community should be informed if calculators are going to be used in the schools and 40 principals would anticipate a "mixed" community reaction. The results of this study suggested that teachers and principals are not unlike in their attitudes toward the use of calculators in the classroom and are consistent in identifying similar advantages and disadvantages of using calculators. A copy of both of the teachers' and the principals' questionnaires is included in the appendices. (DT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: North York Board of Education, Willowdale (Ontario).
Note: For related document, see SE 022 352