ERIC Number: ED136966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Preschool Sex Stereotyping: Effect of Sex of Teacher vs. Training of Teacher.
Fagot, Beverly I.
This study was designed to compare inexperienced and experienced teachers of both sexes in terms of types of teaching behaviors, reactions to boys and girls, and reactions to different child behaviors, particularly sex-preferred behaviors. Forty teachers, 20 male and 20 female, were observed for 10 hours each during free play periods in preschool classes. Ten teachers of each sex were experienced (with at least 3 years' teaching experience and some formal training in early childhood education), and 10 were inexperienced (with less than 3 years' experience and no early childhood training). Analyses of observation data indicated that: (1) experienced teachers initiated more activities than inexperienced teachers, while inexperienced teachers joined children's play groups more often; (2) experienced teachers of both sexes interacted more with both boys and girls when they were engaged in feminine preferred activities; and (3) inexperienced teachers of both sexes interacted more with boys engaging in masculine-preferred activities and girls engaging in feminine-preferred activities. Differences between male and female teachers were much smaller than differences between experienced and inexperienqed teachers. The fact that inexperienced teachers of both sexes were similar to male teachers described in other studies was interpreted as suggesting that some of the results previously attributed to sex of teachers were probably due to differences in amount of experience between male and female. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)