ERIC Number: ED136938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Development of the Category-Recall Relationship in the Sorting-Recall Task.
Worden, Patricia E.; Ritchey, Gary H.
This paper describes studies which investigated the nature of the relationship between number of categories and recall performance in children, and attempted to determine whether the category-recall effect increases developmentally. A series of three studies was designed so that grade level and stimulus difficulty would not be confounded. Different-aged subjects within each study (second, fourth and sixth graders) used the same stimulus materials. The difficulty of the stimulus list was increased for each successive study. Subjects were required to sort unrelated words into either 2, 4, or 6 categories until two identical sorting trials were produced. Recall followed. The overall results revealed a strong effect of categorical organization on recall. The increase in recall associated with greater numbers of sorting categories was not a function of differential sorting time, as shown in partial correlations. The major finding of these studies was that the effect of number of categories on recall appeared to increase with increasing age, above the fourth grade level. This result suggests a developmental increase in the effect of categorical organization on recall which occurs mainly in later childhood and adolescence. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)