ERIC Number: ED136928
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
A Longitudinal Investigation of Role Taking, Altruism, and Empathy.
Iannotti, Ronald J.
This paper describes a one-year longitudinal follow up study of the long term effects of role taking training procedures (in which children assumed a number of perspectives) on children's social and cognitive behaviors. Longitudinal and cross-sectional age effects were also analyzed. In an earlier study the effect of two types of role-taking experiences on role-taking, altruism, empathy and aggression were investigated in 6- and 9-year-old boys. Results of this first study indicated that boys from the two training conditions showed increased role taking and altruistic behaviors when compared to the control group. In this study 17 of the original 20 children in the training conditions and eight of the original ten children in the control conditions were retested. In addition, a new control group was established with ten 7- and ten 10-year-old boys who were not previously tested. They were given measures of role taking, empathy, altruism, and conservation. Significant cross-sectional and longitudinal age effects were found but no significant training effects. Correlational results indicated a relationship between role taking, altruism, and empathy. These results suggest that the original training promoted a change in performance rather than a structural change. The interrelationship of social and cognitive processes is also discussed. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)