ERIC Number: ED136919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Sex Determined Parental Reinforcing Contingencies in Toddler Children.
Fagot, Beverly I.
This study was designed to examine the reinforcing contingencies of parents toward specific child behaviors, and at the same time to try to determine if the sex of the child performing the behavior influences the reaction of the parent. A total of 24 white families with only one child between the ages of 20 and 24 months participated in the study. Half of the families had one boy and half had one girl. A checklist of 46 child behaviors and 20 parent reactions was used to observe the parents with the child in their home. Five 60-minute periods of observation were completed for each family during a 5-week period. After the observations were complete, each parent was asked to rate the 46 child behaviors on the checklist as appropriate for girls, boys, or both sexes. Each parent also filled out a short questionnaire concerning socialization practices and values concerning sex roles. The results indicated that when parental responses to all the behaviors on the checklist were considered, girls and boys were being treated in a very similar fashion. However, when only behaviors which one sex engaged in significantly more often than the other (i.e., sex-preferred behaviors) were considered, the findings showed quite distinct sex determined differences in parents' reactions. It was suggested that these sex determined differences with regard to sex-preferred behaviors could have significant socialization effects in spite of the overall similarity of parental treatment of boys and girls. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)