ERIC Number: ED136677
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Endangered Service. Independent Colleges, Public Policy and the First Amendment.
Elliott, T. Michael; And Others
Independent colleges provide diversity, foster cultural pluralism, minimize state expenditures, and serve a broad cross-section of students--including low income and minority students. The National Commission on United Methodist Higher Education identifies three basic public policy principles: recognition of the essential public service function of independent institutions and the need to preserve those services for society; maintenance of diversity in higher education by assuring the autonomy and viability of individual institutions; and alteration of public policies that inhibit students' access to institutions of their choice. The National Commission makes recommendations regarding: financial aid programs that recognize the tuition gap and facilitate student choice; restructuring of Social Security and veterans' benefit programs; continuation of tax incentives for voluntary support of educational institutions; maintenance of the tax-exempt status of educational property; state coordination of higher education; revision of government regulations that excessively burden higher education institutions; and elimination of regulations that adversely affect institutional autonomy. United States Supreme Court decisions show that the federal and most state governments can develop programs to aid church-related and other independent institutions without violating the First Amendment. (Author)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Choice, Educational Economics, Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Finance Reform, Financial Support, Government Role, Higher Education, Institutional Autonomy, Private Colleges, Private Financial Support, Public Policy, Statewide Planning, Student Financial Aid, Tax Allocation, Taxes
Office of Information and Publications, Board of Higher Education and Ministry, P.O. Box 871, Nashville, Tennessee 37203
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission on United Methodist Higher Education, Nashville, TN.
Note: Part of this document may be marginally legible due to small print