ERIC Number: ED136568
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Potential Issues for Language Planning in Scotland. Language Planning Newsletter, Vol. 3, No. 1.
Wood, Richard E.
The national re-emergence of Scotland is accompanied by the desire for cultural and linguistic autonomy and identity. Issues at hand include language standardization, bilingual education, the language problems of immigrants, the role of Gaelic as compared to the continuum of linguistic varieties that go from Standard English to Scots, the adoption of a distinctive linguistic symbol of national identity, and the identification and development of a distinct Scots language. Three actual or potential language standards exist: (1) Scots Gaelic, a Celtic language closely related to Irish Gaelic; (2) Standard Scottish English, differing phonologically and syntactically from the English of England; and (3) Scots (Lallans), a historic outgrowth of the English in England. The domains in which each language is used are described, as well as the developments in education and the media regarding the use of Gaelic and Scots. A comparison is made with the language situation in Norway. Most immigrants to Scotland are Pakistanis living in Glasgow, and, as non-speakers of English, are not confronted with language attitude problems like those of West Indians in England who speak English-based Creoles. Lexicography, social and geographical dialectology, language attitude studies, and language policy in education and government are all areas requiring further attention. (CLK)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, English, Language Attitudes, Language Planning, Language Research, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Language Variation, Official Languages, Public Policy, Regional Dialects, Sociolinguistics, Standard Spoken Usage
Culture Learning Institute, East-West Center, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. East-West Center.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)