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ERIC Number: ED136307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 89
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Male/Female Differential Encoding and Intercultural Differential Decoding of Nonverbal Affective Communication.
St. Martin, Gail McAllister
In order to investigate the process of nonverbal communication of emotions in a simulated intercultural context, videotapes were made in which two white Americans (one male and one female) responded to paragraphs which evoked the following emotions: sadness, disgust, anger, surprise, happiness, and fear. These portrayals were then viewed by male and female members of white American, black American, Latin American, and Malaysian cultures; responses were measured by means of a bipolar adjectival scale. Sender's sex--that is, the sex of the person observed on videotape--was found to significantly affect ratings in one-third of the instances. Respondent's sex was statistically significant in only one of 18 potential instances; the hypothesis that male respondent perceptions are equal to female respondent perceptions was accepted. It was further concluded that culture type did, in fact, affect perceptions of nonverbal affective communication and that differences in mode of communication (audio, video, or audiovisual) were related to viewer perceptions. These conclusions were perceived as indicative rather than conclusive, and further research into the nonverbal communication of information and emotion was suggested. (Author/KS)
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 76-25,286, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College